The lack of finance available from the traditional sources for infrastructure projects is leading many to turn to private investors and debt capital markets to remove the burden of debt.
Illiquid capital markets have encouraged small oil and gas companies to turn to alternative funding methods, with varying degrees of success.
The future of the commodity trade finance industry may lie with the new players in the market as larger European banks look to limit their exposure and cut back on risk.
The commodities markets have been booming in recent years as the BRICS countries expanded, but now with growth slowing, investments that offered huge returns are failing to deliver.
Banks have traditionally been a ready source of investment funds for the purchasing and development of infrastructure in the UK and Europe, with firms such as Macquarie, Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley raising huge amounts of...
The recent UK Budget announced by chancellor George Osborne has given the North Sea oil and gas industry some respite following last year's tax increase on operators in the area.
Resource nationalism has grown rapidly in the last decade as more and more nations look to protect the resources they have within their boundaries, but how will that affect large international energy companies looking to expand...